At first only present in very large municipal agencies, the profession got a boost in the s under funding supplied by the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration LEAA.
They then work with their police agencies to develop effective strategies and tactics to address crime and disorder. In democratic countries, accountability is ensured mainly by three means.
Second, the variety of situations in which police are asked to intervene is much greater than law enforcement and order maintenance. This has particularly been the case since the Crime and Disorder Act CDA Review and the subsequent Crime and Disorder Formulation and Implementation of Strategy Regulationswhich included a requirement for the annual provision of a partnership Strategic Assessment, including analysis in relation to problems of crime and disorder and substance misuse.
The need for police accountability is made evident by the great power that police forces wield over the lives, liberties, safety, and rights of citizens.
In addition, the countryside has historically been policed by military organizations, as police forces were initially created in urban settings. However, no uniform worldwide system of policing ever emerged.
Since the territory to cover may be very large and characterized by difficult terrain, police in such regions must have the long-range mobility and adaptability that are characteristic of military forces.