IBM was hot on Apple's tail and released the AT, which with applications like Lotusa spreadsheet, and Microsoft Word, quickly became the favourite of business concerns. The second generation also saw the first two supercomputers designed specifically for numeric processing in scientific applications.
Atanasoff set out to build a machine that would help his graduate students solve systems of partial differential equations. A zero could then be represented by the absence of an electron current to the plate; the presence of a small but detectable current to the plate represented a one.
The Apple ][ and The Sinclair ZX81a build-it-yourself microcomputer that became hugely popular in the UK when it was launched in They were helped in this task by a young, largely unknown American mathematician and Naval reserve named Grace Murray Hopper —who had originally been employed by Howard Aiken on the Harvard Mark I.
Topics and features: ideal for self-study, offering many pedagogical features such as chapter-opening key topics, chapter introductions and summaries, exercises, and a glossary; presents detailed information on major figures in computing, such as Boole, Babbage, Shannon, Turing, Zuse and Von Neumann; reviews the history of software engineering and of programming languages, including syntax and semantics; discusses the progress of artificial intelligence, with extension to such key disciplines as philosophy, psychology, linguistics, neural networks and cybernetics; examines the impact on society of the introduction of the personal computer, the World Wide Web, and the development of mobile phone technology; follows the evolution of a number of major technology companies, including IBM, Microsoft and Apple.
The first calculator or adding machine to be produced in any quantity and actually used was the Pascaline, or Arithmetic Machinedesigned and built by the French mathematician-philosopher Blaise Pascal between and Gore's Information Infrastructure and Technology Act ofwhich addresses a broad spectrum of issues ranging from high performance computing to expanded network access and the necessity to make leading edge technologies available to educators from kindergarten through graduate school.
Apple released the first generation Macintosh, which was the first computer to come with a graphical user interface GUI and a mouse.
Source Pushed on by the excitement of this innovation, the two started a computer manufacturing company, which they named Apple Computers, in With integration very much in their minds, they called it Integrated Electronics or Intel for short.
Commodore unveils the Amigawhich features advanced audio and video capabilities.